The purpose of asthma treatment is to prevent symptoms and to effectively control long-term asthma attacks. Treatment starts with educating the patient or the patient’s parents if the patient is young, about the symptoms of asthma and those things that may trigger an asthma attack. Treatment may include oral medications, inhalers and avoidance of what triggers the asthma attacks. Triggers vary from patient to patient.
If you recognize what triggers your symptoms of asthma you can avoid those triggers or minimize your exposure to them which will then lessen or eliminate your asthma attacks. Many things trigger asthma including irritants, allergens, respiratory infections, exercise and weather. One irritant trigger is dust. If a person’s asthma is triggered by dust they should have someone else dust the house and be sure to take measures to minimize dust especially in the bedroom.
Treatments for asthma include long-term control medications, inhaled corticosteroids, and rescue inhalers. There are many things that determine what medications will be right for your asthma symptoms including the age of the patient, the particular triggers that cause the asthma and your history of prior treatment and the success you had using those treatments.
There are various medications used to treat asthma. Rescue or quick-relief inhalers are used to quickly open airways during an asthma attack. Rescue inhalers may include one of the following medications:
Short-acting beta agonists such as Albuterol, Levalbuterol or Pirbuterol.
Ipratropium, which is a bronchodilator.